The school of Thaumaturgy was one of the major avenues of magicka study. Unlike Alteration it does not change the appearance or structure of a force or object, but can manipulate laws temporarily. This allows thaumaturges to perform acts which can only be achieved through brute force in other schools of magic, such as levitation (which is said to involve the personal rejection of gravity), etherealness, detection, pacification, water walking, teleportation, summoning and the manipulation of other magical forces. Conjuration is still superior for summoning from a distance, as Thaumaturgical summoning can be risky and can only draw from the surrounding area. Many enchanted artifacts which were once held in the Battlespire were of a Thaumaturgical nature.