Lore:Dragon Language

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The ancient Dragon Language is the language used by dragons. Text in the Dragon Language is found on walls in ancient dungeons and on burial grounds.[1] The runes used for writing the language are described in the Dragon Alphabet article.

With sufficient understanding, certain words can be incanted to produce magical effects such as conjuring fire, frost, or wind, slowing time, or pushing an enemy away. This ability is known as the Thu'um and is an inborn talent of Dragons and Dragonborns.[2]

Some posit the Dragonlings found in the northwests of Tamriel are unrelated to Dragons,[3] yet other sources claim they are kin.[4] The former have their own language known as Dragonish,[5] though the relation, if any, of their language to the Dragon Language spoken by actual Dragons is unknown.

Grammar[edit]

The language is structurally similar to English, with three exceptions: it has no equivalent to English's apostrophes, it tends to place prepositional phrases earlier in sentences, and verb tense is often ignored.[UOL 1] To make a word plural, the last letter of the singular word is repeated and followed by an "e". For example, the plural form of "kel" (an Elder Scroll) is "kelle".

The singular possessive ("my", "your", "his", or "her") is formed by adding the letter "i" to the end of the word, except when the word ends in "ii", in which case an "l" is appended. The plural possessive ("our" or "their") is formed by adding the letter "u". To indicate a perfect verb form (as in "has silenced"), the letters "aan" are added to the end of the word.

The language makes heavy use of compound words, and has the head (i.e. the categorical part that contains the basic meaning) appearing first in most cases. For example, "Zeymahzin" (Companion) consists of the words "Zeimah" (Brother) and "Zin" (Honor) and should be understood as "Honor-Brother" instead of the literal order of "Brother-Honor".

Translation Key[edit]

Words in parentheses (like in the example shown here) will reference connotations or synonyms.

A[edit]

Aak
Guide[6]
Aal
May[7]
Aam
Serve[8]
Aan
A(n)[9], Idea[6], Slave[10] (See also "Zaam")
Aar
Servant, Slave[11] (See also "Zaam")
Aav
Join[10][12]
Aaz
Mercy[12]
Ag
Burn[1]
Ah
Hunter[13]
Ahkrin
Courage[10]
Ahmik
Service[7]
Ahmul
Husband[7] (Lit. "Hunter-Strong")
Ahraan
Wound[6][11]
Ahrk
And[9][1]
Ahrol
Hill[14]
Ahst
At[6][1]
Ahtiid
Wear (verb)[15]
Ahzid
Bitter[7]
Al
Destroyer[7]
Alok
Arise[9][10]
Alun
Ever[7]
Am
Lion[15]
Amativ
Onward[6][11]
Atmora
Atmora[16]
Au
On[1]
Aus
Suffer[13]

B[edit]

Bah
Wrath[13]
Bahlaan, Balaan
Worthy[6][11]
Bahlok
Hunger[9][10]
Bein
Foul (adj.)[9]
Bel
Foul (v.)[15]
Bex
Open[17]
Beyn
Scorn[10]
Bii
Blue[15]
Bo
Flow, Fly, Move[6][11]
Bodiis
Borrow[7]
Bok
Age[9]
Bolaav
Grant/Granted[7]
Bolog
Beg[12]
Bonaar
Humble[10]
Bormah
Father[12]
Bovul
Flee[1]
Boziik
Bold(ly)[9], Rash[6]
Brendon
Specter[7]
Brii
Beauty[7]
Briinah
Sister[7] (Lit. "Beauty-Fury")
Briinahii
(for her) sister's [1]
Briinahmaar
Sisterhood
Brit
Beautiful[11]
Brod
Clan[7]
Brom
North[7]
Bron
Nord[7]
Bronjun
Jarl (lit. "Nord King")[6]
Bruniik(ke)
Savage(s) (also a reference to Akaviri)[6]

D[edit]

Daal
Return[10]
Daan, Daanii
Doom[6][10]
Daanik
Doomed [12][1]
Daar
This/These[18]
Dah
Push[13]
Dahmaan
Remember[6]
Dalk
Knife[19]
Dein
Keep (v.)[18], Guard[18]
Deinmaar
Keeper[15]
Denek
Soil (n.)[7]
Denos
Decline (n.)[15]
Dey
False (Laughably False)[20]
Deyra
Daedra[21]
Deyto
Bury[15]
Dez
Fate[6]
Dezu
[22]
Dii
Mine[10][18]
Diil
Undead (See also "Dilon") [13]
Diin
Freeze[13]
Diiv
Wyrm[23]
Diivon
Swallow [9]
Dilon
Dead[6][12]
Dilos
Deadly[15]
Dinok
Death[12][1][24]
Dinoksetiid
End of time (lit. "Death of time")[6]
Dir
Die[10][12]
Do
Of (See also "Se") [1]/About[7]
Dok
Hound[7]
Dov
Dragonkind,[9] Dragon (race)[23]
Dovah
Dragon[9]
Dovahgolz
Dragonstone[7]
Dovahkiin
Dragonborn (lit. "Dragon-Born")[7]
Dovahkriid
Dragonslayer[15]
Dovahzin
A Dragon name [22]
Draal
Pray[7]
Dreh
Do (v.)[6]
Drem
Peace[6][13]
Drey
Did[10][1]
Drog
Lord[7]
Drun
Bring[11]
Du
Devour[7]
Du'ul
Crown[6]
Duaan
Devoured[10]
Dukaan
Dishonor[1]
Dun
Grace[13]
Dur
Curse[25]
Dwiin
Steel[7]
Dwiirok
Carve[7]

E[edit]

Ek
Her[7]
Enook
Each[7]
Ensosin
Bewitch[7]
Erei
Until[7]
Eruvos
Year[15]
Evenaar
Extinguish[7]
Evgir
Season[7]

F[edit]

Faad
Warmth[7]
Faal
The[9] (see also "Fin"; "Faal" is less common than "Fin")
Faas
Fear[13]
Faasnu
Fearless[7]
Faaz
Pain[12]
Fah
For[18]
Fahdon
Friend[6]
Fahlah
Flower[15] (Lit. "For-Magicka")
Fahliil
Elf[1]
Fahluaan
Gardener[21]
Faraan
Fortune, wealth[15]
Feim
Fade[13]
Fel
Feral[7]
Fen
Will[9][10][18][24]
Fenjuntiid
Will of Akatosh (lit. "Will-King-Time")[22]
Fent
Shall[9]
Fey
Grove[20]
Feykro
Forest[7]
Feyn
Bane[9]
Fiik
Mirror[7]
Filok
Escape[18]
Fin
The[9] (see also "Faal")
Fo
Frost[13]
Fod
When[9]
Fodiiz
Hoar[7]
Folaas
Wrong[7]
Folook
Haunt[7]
Fonaar
Charge[7]
Frin
Hot[1]
Frini
Eagerness[11]
Frod
(Battle)field[1]
Fron
Kin[9]/Related[7]
Frul
Ephemeral[7]/Temporary[13]
Ful
So[6]
Fun
Told[9]
Fundein
Unfurl(ed)[7]
Funt
Fail[6]
Funta
Failed[15]
Fus
Force[13]

G[edit]

Gaaf
Ghost[10][1]
Gaan
Stamina[13]
Gaar
Unleash/Release[23]
Gahrot
Steal[1]
Gahvon
Yield[24]
Galik
Pine(n.)[15]
Geh
Yes[7]
Gein
One[9][11]
Geinmaar
Oneself[7]
Gogil
Goblin[7]
Gol
Earth[11][23]
Golah
Stubborn[15]
Golt
Ground[7]
Golz
Stone
Goraan
Young[6][15]
Govey
Remove[1]
Graag
Green[15]
Graan
Rout[7]
Grah
Battle[6][13]
Grah-Zeymahzin
Ally (lit. "Battle-Brother Honor")[25]
Grahmindol
Stratagem[11]
Gram
Cloud[15]
Gravuun
Autumn[1]
Grik
Such[6]
Grind
Meet[11][1]
Gro
Bound[10]
Grohiik
Wolf[7]
Gron
Bind[13]
Gruth
Betrayal[15] (see also "Nihnzey")
Gut
Far[13]

H[edit]

Haal
Hand[13]
Haalvut
Touch[1]
Haas
Health[13]
Hadrim, Hahdrim
Mind[6]
Hah
Mind[23]
Hahkun
Axe[1]
Hahnu
Dream[7] (lit. "Mind-Now")
Hahvulon
Nightmare[15] (lit. "Mind-Dead")
Han
[22]
Heim
Forge[1]
Het
Here[11][1]
Hevno
Brutal[7]
Hevnoraak
Brutality[15]
Heyv
Duty[6]
Hi
You[10]
Him, Hin
Your[10][18]
Hind
Wish[7], Hope[10]
Hof[26]
Hofkah
Steading[14]
Hofkahsejun
Palace (lit. "Steading of King")[6]
Hofkiin
Home[15]
Hokoron
Enemy[9][1]
Hon
Hear[6]
Horvut
Lure[6]
Horvutah
Trapped[11]
Hun
Hero[6][13]
Hungaar
Heroic[15]
Huzrah
Hearken[9]

I[edit]

Iiz
Ice[13]
In
Master[7]
Inhus
Mastery[8]

J[edit]

Jaag[26]
Jer
East[7]
Jiid
Moon[20]
Jol
Unsteady[20]
Joor(re)
Mortal(s)[10][13]
Jot
Maw[9]
Jud
Queen[7]
Jul
Man[9]/Mankind/Humans[7] (See also "Muz")
Jun
King[9], Light[6]
Junaar
Kingdom/Kingship[8]
Junnesejer
Kings of the East[7]
Juntiid
Akatosh (lit. "King Time")[22]

K[edit]

Kaal
Champion[13]
Kaan
Kyne[13]
Kaaz
Cat/Khajiit[7][22]
Kah
Pride[10]
Kein
War[9]
Keizaal
Skyrim[9]
Kel(le)
Scroll(s) (as in Elder Scroll)[9]
Kendov
Warrior[12]
Kest
Tempest[13]
Key
Horse[7]
Keyn
Anvil[7]
Kiim
Wife[15]
Kiin
Child/Born[7]
Kiir
Child[10][1]
Kinbok
Leader[7]
Kinzon
Sharp [1]
Kip
Food[15]
Kipraan
Meal[15]
Klo
Sand[13]
Klov
Head[1]
Ko
In[1]
Kod
Wield[9]
Kodaav
Bear[11][1]
Kogaan
Blessings (thanks)[6]
Kohg[26]
Kol
Crag[7]
Kolos
In which[15]
Komeyt
Issue[9]/Let loose[7]
Konahrik
Warlord[7]
Koor
Summer[13]
Kopraan
Body[1]
Koraav
See[6]
Kos
Be/Are[9][10][24]
Kosil
Inner, within[15]
Kotin
Into[11]
Krah
Cold[13]
Krasaar
Sickness[1]
Krasnovaar
Disease[15]
Kreh
Bend[7]
Krein
Sun[9]
Kren
Break[6][12]
Krent
Broken[7]
Kriaan
Killed[15]
Krif
Fight[10]
Krii
Kill[13]
Kriid
Slayer[7]
Kriin
Slay[15]
Kriist
Stand[7]
Kriivaan
Murderer[15]
Kriivah
Murder[15]
Kril
Brave[7]
Krilot
Valiant[6]
Krin
Courageous[7]
Kro
Sorcerer[7]
Kron
Victory[6], win, conquer[15]
Krongrah
(Great) Victory[6]
Kroniid
Conqueror[7]
Krosis
Sorrow (Apologies, Regret, Pity)[6][12][1]
Kruziik
Ancient[9][1]
Kul
Son[9]
Kulaan
Prince[7]
Kulaas
Princess[7]
Kun
Moonlight[20]

L[edit]

Laan
Want, Request[11]
Laar
Water[15]
Laas
Life[13][18]
Laat
Last[7]
Lah
Magicka[13]
Lahney
Live[7]
Lahvraan
Mustered[11]
Lahvu
Army[7]
Leh
Lest[7]
Lein
World[9][10]
Liik[26]
Liiv
Wither[1]
Liivrah
Diminish[6]
Lingrah
Long[6][9]
Lir
Worm[12]
Lo
Deceive[7]
Lok
Rise (v.)[20], Sky[11][13], sky[15]
Lon
Fist[15]
Loost
Hath[7]
Los
Is (Combine with other verbs for present tense: "is helping", "is sworn")[9][18]
Losei
You are[15]
Lost
Was[9], Have[6], Has, Had, Were
Lot
Great[6][9]
Lovaas
Music/Song[7]
Luft
Face[7]
Lumnaar
Valley[7]
Lun
Leech[1][13]
Luv
Tear[7]

M[edit]

Maar
Terror[1][13], as suffix: -hood, -self
Mah
Fall/Fell[1][24]
Mahfaeraak
Forever[9]
Mahlaan
Fallen[15]
Mal
Little[12]
Maltiid
Brief[15] (lit. "Little-Time")
Med
Like[9] (similar)
Mey
Fool[13]
Meyz
Come[7] ("to become"/"come to be")
Mid
Loyal[11][23]
Middovah
Ally[15] (lit. "Loyal-Dragon")
Midrot, midun
Loyalty[24]
Miin
Eye[7]
Miir
Path[15]
Miiraad, Miraad
Door, doorway[11][15] ("miraad" is a typo)
Miiraak
Portal[18]
Mindin
After[15]
Mindok
Know, Known, Knowable[6]
Mindol
Trick[15]
Mindoraan
Knowledgeable[15]
Mir
Allegiance[13][24]
Moh[26]
Mon
Daughter[15]
Monah
Mother[6]
Monahven
Throat of the World (lit. "Mother Wind")[6]
Morah
Focus, thought, concentration, attention[6][15]
Moro
Glory[6][1]
Morokei
Glorious[9][1]
Motaad
Shudder[9]
Motmah
Slip[7]
Motmahus
Slippery, Elusive[6]
Mu
We[11]
Mul
Strong,[6][24] Strength[23]
Mulaag
Strength[6]
Mulhaan
Unmoving, unchanging, still[15]
Mun
Man[7]
Munax
Cruel[1]
Muz
Men[9] (see also "Jul")

N[edit]

Naak
Eat[7]
Naako
Eaten[7]
Naaktiid
Begin[15] (lit. "Eat-Time")
Naal
By[1]
Naan
Any[10]
Naar
Summit[15]
Naas
Tooth[15]
Nah
Fury[13]
Nahgahdinok
Necromancer[7] ("Dinok" meaning "death", "nahgah" may be extrapolated to mean "wizard")
Nahkip
Feed[6][10]
Nahkriin
Vengeance[7]
Nahl
Living[7]
Nahlaas
Alive[6], Live
Nahlot
Silenced[9]
Nall
By my[15]
Nau
On[9][11]
Nax
Cruelty[7]
Neh
Never[25]
Nel[26]
Ney
Both[9]
Ni
Not[1][18]
Nid, Niid
No[7]
Nihnzey
Betrayal[15] (see also "Gruth")
Nii
It[6]
Niin
Them[15]
Nikrent
Unbroken[22]
Nikriin(ne)
Coward(s)[10]
Nil
Void[15]
Nimaar
Itself[7]
Nin
Sting[7]
Nir
Hunt[13]
Nis
Cannot[7]
Nivahriin
Cowardly (lit. "Not Sworn")[7]
Nok
Lie[9][1] (Meaning lie both as a verb and noun; "To lie down" and "To tell a lie")
Nol
From[9][1]
Nonvul
Noble[7]
Norok
Fiercest[7]
Nos
Strike[23]
Nu
Now[9][11]
Nunon
Only[24]
Nus
Statue[13]
Nust
They[7]
Nuz
But[9][1]

O[edit]

Oblaan
End (noun)[1], Is over, Is ended[8]
Od
Snow[9][13]
Odus
Snowy[7]
Ofaal
Receive[15]
Ofan
Give[7]
Ogiim
Orc[7]
Ok
His[9][1]
Okaaz
Sea[7]
Ol
As[9][1]
Om
Hair[7]
On
Spirit[20] (Described as similar to "soul," but empty; lifeless)
Ond
Lo[7]
Onik
Wise[6]
Onikiv
Enlightenment[15]
Onikaan
Wisdom[6]
Ont
Once[6]
Orin
Even[11]
Osos
Some[7]
Oth
Orphan[15]
Ov
Trust[13]
Ozinvey
Ivory[15]

P[edit]

Paak
Shame[6][12]
Paal
Foe[7]
Paar
Ambition[7]
Paaz
Fair[6][9]
Pah
All[9][11]
Pahklok, Pahlok
Arrogance[6] "Pahklok" is a typo[22]
Pel
Write[15]
Pelaan
Wrote[15]
Peyt
Rose[7]
Pindaar
Plain(s)[7]
Piraak
Possess[15]
Pogaan
Many[6]
Pogaas
Much[7]
Pook
Stink[7]
Praal
Sit, sat[15]
Praan
Rest[7]
Prodah
Foretold[7]
Pruzaan
Best[7]
Pruzah
Good[11]

Q[edit]

Qah
Armor[23]
Qahnaar
Vanquish[7], Denial[6]
Qahnaaran
Is vanquished[15]
Qahnaarin
Vanquisher[25]
Qalos
Touch[6]
Qeth
Bone[7]
Qethsegol
(Word Wall) Stone (lit. "Bone of Earth")[1]
Quethsegol
Granite[14]
Qiilaan
Bow (verb)[10][12]
Qo
Lightning[13]
Qolaas
Herald[7]
Qostiid
Prophecy[6]
Qoth
Tomb[13]

R[edit]

Raal
Survive, last (v.)[15]
Raan
Animal[13]
Rah
Gods[6]
Rahgol
Rage[7]
Rahgot
Anger[7]
Rath
River[15]
Rein
Roar[9]
Rek
She[7]
Rel
Domination[6]
Revak
Sacred[6]
Reyliik
Race(s)[9]
Reyth
Tree[15]
Rii
Essence[13]
Riik
Gale[7]
Riis[26]
Rinik
Very[11][1]
Ro(h)
Balance[13]
Rok
He[9]
Ron
Rain[20]
Ronaan
Archer[7]
Ronaaz
Arrow[7]
Ronax
Regiment[7]
Ronit
Rival[9]
Ros
Love[UOL 2]
Rot
Word(s)[6]
Roth
Vine[20]
Rotmulaag
Word of Power[6][8]
Rovaan
Wander[7]
Ru
Run[13]
Rul
When[9]
Ruth
Rage[10], Curses/Damn[11] (interjection)
Ruvaak
Raven[7]
Ruz
Then[9]

S[edit]

Sadon
Gray (adj.)[7], lose (v.)[15]
Sah
Phantom[7]
Sahlo
Weak[7]
Sahqo
Red[1]
Sahqon
Crimson[7]
Sahrot
Mighty[6][9]
Sahsunaar
Villager(s)[7]
Sahvot
Faith[21]
Saraan
First[6], Awaits[10][12]
Saviik
Savior[9]
Se
Of[7]
Shaan
Inspire[23]
Shor
Shor[16]
Shul
Sun[13]
Siiv
Find/Found[1]
Sil
Soul[7]
Sillesejoor
Mortal Souls[10]
Sinak
Finger(s)[1]
Sindugahvon
Unyielding
Sinon
Instead[1]
Sivaas
Beast[6]
Sizaan
Lost[24]
Slen
Flesh[13]
Smoliin
Passion[1]
So
Sorrow[6]
Sod
Exploit, deed, feat[15]
Sonaan
Bard[7]
Sonaak
Dragon Priest(s)[21]
Sos
Blood[6][1]
Sosmir
Blood Allegiance[22]
Sosaal
Bleed[12][18]
Sot
White[7]
Sov
Shock[20]
Sovrahzun
Mercenary (n.), purchase (n.)[15]
Spaan
Shield[7]
Staadnau
Unbound[9]
Stin
Free[9][11]
Stinselok
Sky's freedom[15]
Strun
Storm[13]
Strundu'ul
Stormcrown[27]
Strunmah
Mountain[7]
Su
Air[13]
Su'um
Breath[6]
Sul
Day[9][10]
Suleyk
Power[9][28]
Suleyksejun
Dominion(lit. Power of kings)[8]
Sunvaar
Beast(s)[7]
Suvulaan
Twilight[15]

T[edit]

Taazokaan
Tamriel[9]
Tafiir
Thief[1]
Tah
Pack[13]
Tahrodiis
Treacherous[6][1]
Tahrovin
Treachery[8]
Tey
Tale[9]
Thaan[26]
Thaarn
Obedience[15]
Thu'um
(Dragon) Shout, Voice[7]
Thur
Overlord[18][24]
Thurri
Lord[15]
Tiid
Time[13]
Tiiraz
Sad[6]
Tinvaak
Talk, Speech[6]
Til
There[15]
Togaat
Attempt[1]
Tol
That[9]
Toor
Inferno[13]
Tovinaan
Searcher[15]
Tovit
Search[15]
Tu
Hammer[7]
Tum
Down[15]
Tuz
Blade[9]

U[edit]

Ufiik
Troll[15]
Ul
Eternity[13]
Um
Twin[15]
Un
Our[7]Used less often than the -u suffix.
Unraak
Marriage, marry, married.[15]
Unslaad, Unahzaal
Unending/Ceaseless/Eternal[12][7][28]Unslaad is the more common form.
Unt
Try[7]
Us
Before, in front of[12]Not "before" chronologically. Qiilan us dilon: bow before the dead.
Uth
Command[11], Order[18]
Uv
Or[10]
Uznahgaar
Unbridled[7], Unending[6]

V[edit]

Vaal
Bay[7]As in "hold at bay".[15]
Vaat
Swear/Swore[7]
Vaaz
Tear, rip[13]Not lacrymal tears.
Vah
Spring[13]
Vahdin
Maiden[7]
Vahlok
Guardian[7]
Vahriin
Sworn[7]
Vahrukiv
Commemorate[1]
Vahrukt
Memory[6][1]
Vahzah, Vazah
True[11]
Vahzen
Truth[6]
Ved
Black[7]
Ven
Wind[23]
Vennesetiid
The currents of Time[6]
Vey
Cut[9]
Veydo
Grass[15]
Veysun
Ship[7]
Viik
Defeat[13]
Viin
Shine[10]
Viing
Wing[13]
Viint
Shine[15]
Viintaas
Shining[7]
Viir
Dying[25]
Vindahlheim
Forever[15]
Vith
Serpent[7]
Vo...
Opposite of...[7]
Vobalaan
Unworthy[15]
Vod
Ago[9]
Vodahmin
Unremembered, forgotten[15]
Vokiin
Unborn[6]
Vokri, Vokrii
Restore[6][15]
Vokul
Evil[7]
Vokun
Shadow[9]
Vol
Horror[7]
Volaan
Intruder[12]
Vomindok
Unknown[6]
Vomindoraan
Incomprehensible idea[6]
Vonun
Unseen[15]
Vonuz
Invisible[15]
Vogostiid
Surprised[15]
Vos
Claw[15]
Voth
With[9][10]Should be avoided.
Vothaarn
Disobedience[18]
Vukein
Combat[1]
Vul
Dark[9]
Vulom
Darkness[7]
Vulon
Night[7]
Vun
Tongue[7]
Vur
Valor[23]
Vus
Nirn[29]

W[edit]

Wah
To[9] (both as preposition and verb infinitive form)
Wahl
Build/Create[7]
Wahlaan
Raise[1], Built/Created[7]
Wen
Whose[7]
Werid
Praise[7]
Wiix
Trap[20]
Win
Wage[7]
Wo
Who[10][1]
Wol
Oak[15]
Wuld
Whirlwind, Vortex[6][13]
Wuldse
Vortex[15]
Wundun
Travel[11]
Wunduniik
Traveler[6]
Wuth
Old[6]

Y[edit]

Yah
Seek[1][13]
Yol
Fire[13]
Yolos
Flame[15]
Yoriik
March[7]
Yuvon
Gold/Golden[7]

Z[edit]

Zaam
Slave[13]
Zaamhus
Slavery[8]
Zaan
Shout[7] (as in "yell", not "Dragon Shout")
Zah
Finite[13]
Zahkrii
Sword[1]
Zahrahmiik
Sacrifice[7]
Zeim
Through[6][9]
Zeymah
Brother(s)[6]
Zeymahzin
Companion[15] (lit. "Brother-Honor")
Zii
Spirit[13]
Ziil
Soul[10]
Zin
Honor[6]
Zind
Triumph[7]
Zindro
Triumph's[7]
Zofaas
Fearful[6]
Zohungaar
Heroically[7]
Zok
Most[10][11]
Zol
Most[24], Zombie[13]
Zoor
Legend[13]
Zorox
Create[15]
Zu'u
I[10][24]
Zul
(mortal) Voice[9][13]
Zun
Weapon[13]

Phrases[edit]

Some phrases have a different meaning in the Dragon Language. The phrases below are examples of these phrases.

Alok-dilon[25]

Necromancy (literally: arise-dead)

Bormahu han zu'u[22]

(literally: Father _ I)

Dey on folook fey ko ven ahrk ron[20]

"Implausible spirits haunt a grove in the wind and rain"

Dii Zeymah[22]

"My Brother"

Dov nifaas wiixseroth[20]

"Dragons fear not a trap of vines"

Drem Yol Lok[6]

"Greetings" (literally: peace fire sky)

Kaaz Kaal Sul[22]

Pride of Alkosh (literally: Khajiit-Champion-Day)

Krif voth ahkrin[11]

"Fight Bravely" (literally: fight with courage)

Lok, Thu'um[6]

"Sky above, Voice within" (literally: Sky, Voice)

Nid jiid, nid kun[20]

"No moon, no moonlight"

Nihnzey miir wah krongrah[20]

"Betrayal is the path to great victory"

Nihnzey miir wah viik[20]

"Betrayal is the path to defeat"

Nonvul mey[22]

"Honorable Fool" (literally: Noble Fool)

Nunon mey bo strun voqostiid naal sov[20]

"Only a fool flies in a storm and is surprised by the shock."

Orin brit ro[11]

"(a) fully beautiful balance", dragon phrase for irony (literally: even beautiful balance)

Pruzah wundunne![22]

(literally:Good Travels)

Rah wahlaan[6]

"gods (of) creation" / "creator gods" (literally: gods built/created)

Rul jol, lok[20]

"When unsteady, rise"

Suleyki hin![28]

(literally: Power Your(s))

Vomindok fez

"An Unexpected Outcome" (literally: Unknown _)[22]

Wah vokrii krentiid[22]

(literally:To Restore Break-Time)

Wuldsetiid los tahrodiis[6]

"the whirlwind/vortex of time is treacherous/turbulent"

Ziil gro dovah ulse![10]

Your soul is bound to me for eternity!

Zol mul[24]

Stronger (literally: Most strong)

Zoor drun qalos[22]

"Myth made manifest" (Literally: Legend Bring Touch)

Zu'u koraav[22]

"I see"

Names[edit]

Dragon names are typically formed of three monosyllabic words that, as a whole, may be rendered as a Shout. Each dragon name is unique, and so dragons are able to use these Shouts to address each other across vast distances.

While dragon names are easily separated into their word components, translating them as a whole is another matter. Dragon names can be translated into phrases, such as the name Odahviing (literally: Snow-Hunter-Wing), which was converted into a coherent phrase; "Winged Snow-Hunter". If other names were translated in the same way, it can be extrapolated that Boziikkodstrun would be "Bold Storm-Wielder" or that Sahloknir would be "Phantom Sky-Hunter".

There is also the case where a mortal can be granted a Dovahzin (Dragon Name), by a dragon who believes they have earned it and it is considered a great honor. Two examples of these are Ahkahtuz (Hunter-Pride-Blade) and Toshrakhat.[22] Dragon Priests also usually have names in the dragon language, although often only two syllables long instead of three.

Dragon names that can be translated include:

Ahbiilok: Hunter-Blue-Sky
Alduin: Destroyer-Devour-Master
Bahlokdaan: Wrath-Sky-Doom (Bah-Lok-Daan) or Hunger-Doom (Bahlok-Daan)
Boziikkodstrun: Boldly-Wield-Storm
Dukaanfinsot: Dishonor-The-White
Durnehviir: Curse-Never-Dying
Grahkrindrog: Battle-Courageous-Lord
Joorahmaar: Mortal-Hunter-Terror
Kaalgrontiid: Champion-Bind-Time
Krahjotdaan: Cold-Maw-Doom
Krosulhah: Sorcerer-Day-Mind
Kruziikrel: Ancient-Dominate
Laatvulon: Last-Night (Laat-Vulon) or Last-Dawn-Fist (Laat-Vu-Lon) or Last-Dark-Spirit (Laat-Vul-On)
Lokkestiiz: Sky-Tempest-Ice
Maarselok: Terror-Of-Sky
Mirmulnir: Allegiance-Strong-Hunt
Mulaamnir: Strong-Serve-Hunt
Naaslaarum: Tooth-Water-Twin
Nahagliiv: Fury-Burn-Wither
Nahfahlaar: Fury-For-Water
Nahviintaas: Fury-Shining
Odahviing: Snow-Hunter-Wing
Paarthurnax: Ambition-Overlord-Cruelty
Relonikiv: Dominate-Enlightenment
Sahloknir: Phantom-Sky-Hunt
Sahrotaar: Mighty-Servant/Slave (Sahrot-Aar) or Phantom-Word-Servant/Slave (Sah-Rot-Aar)
Sahrotnax: Mighty-Cruelty (Sahrot-Nax) or Phantom-Word-Cruelty (Sah-Rot-Nax)
Shulkunaak: Sun-Moonlight-Guide
Thurvokun: Overlord-Shadow
Vahlokzin: Spring-Rise/Sky-Honor (Vah-Lok-Zin) or Guardian-Honor (Vahlok-Zin)
Viinturuth: Shine-Hammer-Rage
Vithrelnaak: Serpent-Domination-Eat
Voslaarum: Claw-Water-Twin
Vuljotnaak: Dark-Maw-Eat
Vulthuryol: Dark-Overlord-Fire
Yolnahkriin: Fire-Vengeance (Yol-Nahkriin) or Fire-Fury-Slaughter (Yol-Nah-Kriin)
Yahgrondu: Seek-Bind-Devour

Dragon names that are as yet untranslated include:

Debudjen
Numinex
Papré
Skakmat

Note that these names are not necessarily real Dragon language names. In the same way that Nahfahlaar had imperialized his name as Nafaalilargus when he worked for the Empire, it is likely that dragons who act in the employ of humans (such as Papré for the battlemage Samar Starlover, or Skakmat for the mystic Nulfaga) prefer not to use dragon names during their employment. Debudjen is mentioned only in a work considered historical fiction, and Numinex in legends considered distorted and inconsistent.

Locations[edit]

The following are locations whose names are translated.

Ahroldan: Old Hroldan[14]
Ahrolsedovah: Hill-of-Dragons[14]
Bromjunaar: North-King-Slave[14] (Direct Translation)
Hillgrundhofkah: Hillgrund's Steading[14]
Rorikhofkah: Rorik's Steading[14]
Quethsegol Ahrol: Granite Hill[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo Dragon Language: Myth no MoreHela Thrice-Versed
  2. ^ Events of Skyrim
  3. ^ There Be DragonsTorhal Bjorik
  4. ^ Player Background History in Daggerfall
  5. ^ Associated Dragonish language in Daggerfall
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr Paarthurnax's dialogue in Skyrim
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi fj fk fl fm fn fo fp fq fr fs The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim: Prima Official Game Guide — David Hodgson
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Dragonborn game data
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca Songs of SkyrimGiraud Gemaine, Historian of the Bards College,
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao Alduin's dialogue in Skyrim
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj Odahviing's dialogue in Skyrim
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Draugr dialogue in Skyrim
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq Dragon Shouts in Skyrim
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i Holdings of Jarl GjalundSlafknir the Scribe
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct Official Bethesda Dragon dictionary from Imperial Library
  16. ^ a b Greybeards' dialogue during The Horn of Jurgen Windcaller quest.
  17. ^ Borri's dialogue in Skyrim
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Nahkriin's dialogue from Skyrim
  19. ^ The Infernal City — Gregory Keyes
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Wisdom of the Flying GodsMagnius Calussa
  21. ^ a b c d Word Walls found in Dragonborn
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Nahfahlaar's dialogue in ESO: Dragonhold
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Dragon Shouts in Dragonborn.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Dragon dialogue from Skyrim
  25. ^ a b c d e f Durnehviir's dialogue in Skyrim.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h Dragon's shouts in ESO
  27. ^ Einarth's dialogue in Skyrim.
  28. ^ a b c Laatvulon's dialogue in ESO: Dragonhold
  29. ^ Tsun's dialogue in Skyrim

Note: The following references are considered to be unofficial sources. They are included to round off this article and may not be authoritative or conclusive.