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"Take heart, O Illustrious Majesty. For your people are Redguards, which means they come easily to the Way of the Sword, and once they have their hands once again on the hilts of blades, and learn to quote once more from the Book of Circles, they will be a match for any folk in all the round world, be they ever so numberless."
Derik Hallin

Sword-singers were an order of Yokudan warriors who followed the "Way of the Sword", a martial philosophy on blade mastery.[1] Singers were capable of astonishing feats of swordsmanship, and were viewed by some to be as much mages as warriors. They sought strength of body, and of mind.[2] Although the tradition of sword-singing originated on Yokuda, it was brought to the shores of Tamriel by the Ra Gada in the First Era. The sword-singers were instrumental in claiming the entire province of Hammerfell and establishing a new homeland for the Yokudan people. The most accomplished sword-singer in history was Frandar Hunding, whose writings on the subject were revered by the Redguards centuries later.[1]


In ancient times, the Yokudan people were once artisans, poets, mystics and scholars, but the constant civil wars that plagued the nation resulted in many searching for enlightenment through the Way of the Sword, also known as the "Song of the Blade". This eventually developed into a martial tradition known as sword-singing. Through the forging of beautiful swords tempered with magic, their artistry and poetry not only survived but flourished.[1][3] Sword-singers believed that the sword was superior to other types of weaponry, and were to devoted to using it exclusively. Anything else would only lead to confusion in their path to seek mastery.[4]

ON-concept-Redguard sword.png

The sword-singers built temples to the gods of war and training halls named the "Hall of the Virtues of War" in which they could practice their combat skills and the art of forging powerful swords.[1] They venerated warrior-gods such as Onsi, who showed early Yokudans how to pull their knives into swords.[4] Diagna, an avatar of the HoonDing who brought them orichalc weapons and Leki, the goddess of aberrant swordsmanship who introduced the singers to the "Ephemeral Feint" manoeuvre.[5] The sword-singers initially recruited from among the offspring of noble families.[1] New members were accepted into the order at age 11. Males became known as "Brothers of the Blade" while females earned the title "Maidens of the Spirit Sword".[3] In later centuries, mastery of the Way was achieved upon completing the Walkabout - a wilderness trek emulating the life of Frandar Hunding, where singers would wander the countryside defeating monsters and aiding the citizenry in the name of virtue. The Walkabout could take years to complete and some singers didn't survive the trials.[6]

Although the sword-singers were never a numerous people due to harsh and unforgiving desert lifestyle, they had a significant influence on Yokuda. Within a few generations, the Way of the Sword had become their life and was ingrained into Yokudan culture.[1][6] For the singers, the sword was seen as an extension of their soul and a symbol of honor.[3] They maintained that it was the swordsman, not the sword, that mattered.[7] Various legends and tales speak of masters requiring only a simple wooden training sword to defeat their adversaries.[8][9] Such was the influence of the Way of the Sword to Yokudan life, that everyday items bore depictions of swords or warriors assuming fighting stances.[10][11][12]

The Ansei[edit]

The greatest among the sword-singers were known as "Saints of the Sword", or Ansei in Yoku. Ansei had the ability to manifest a sword from their very soul, known as a Shehai or "Spirit Sword".[1] By sheer force of will, an Ansei warrior could create this ethereal sword of pure thought and it would take shape in their hand.[13] This form of the Way became known as "Shehai Shen She Ru" or Way of the Spirit Sword.[14] All sword-singers trained to learn this form through intense training and meditation in the Way of the Sword, but not every swordsman was successful in becoming an Ansei.[1][6] Those who could were said to be more than mortal. They possessed intense devotion to the gods of war, immense piety and a focus and skill far beyond what others could ever achieve.[15][3] Conversely, there have been certain gifted individuals who could form a Shehai from a very young age or with little or no training.[6] Other times, a Shehai may be formed in times of great stress.[14][6]

To become an Ansei of the first-rank, a sword-singer had to demonstrate an ability to form the Shehai.[6] These Shehai were described as typically pale, misty, insubstantial and as if it was made of light. Sometimes its shape wouldn't even be particularly sword-like, and would be of no use as an actual weapon.[1][16][6] Ansei wishing to earn the elite title of first-rank were required to give up their most treasured weapons and war materiel before undertaking a grueling initiation ritual. If they succeeded, they would no longer need conventional weapons.[13]

Ansei of the second-rank and above were known to have the ability to not only form the Shehai, but wield it as a weapon in battle.[6] Their Shehai shined brighter and was much deadlier. Described as an "unstoppable weapon of great might" that could cut down foes like "a scythe through wheat", disarming such an Ansei could only be done by severing their head or taking their mind. These swordsmen often began their own training schools, teaching their individual way of the sword.[3][1][6]. There was some evidence, however, that suggested the Shehai of an Ansei could be shattered, leaving behind only its essence.[17]

Ansei of the highest virtue wandered the countryside engaging in battle, righting wrongs, and seeking to end the strife.[1] To them, manifesting the Shehai was said to have come as naturally as breathing.[18] When the Warrior constellation temporarily took a mortal form in the mid-Second era, he wielded an extremely powerful Shehai that was capable of producing shockwaves and magical storms.[19][20]

Role in History[edit]

The War of the Singers[edit]

There had always been a divide between the commoners of Yokuda and the sword-singers. Although much was done to ease tensions in the empire, Randic Torn, the ruler at the time, revived the gulf by introducing restrictions on the wearing of swords. "Torn's Sword-Hunt", as it was known, meant that only the singers were allowed to wear swords, which distinguished them from the rest of the population. After Randic Torn's death a vicious civil war broke out. Among this chaos that Frandar Hunding, the most accomplished sword-singer in history, grew up.[1]

Hunding was so skilled in swordsmanship that by the age of fourteen he could use his abilities to provide for his mother and four brothers. When the war broke out, Hunding was still a young man, but a formidable sword-singer in his own right. By the age of thirty, he had gained such skill and mastery that he finally stopped using the real swords and began using the Shehai. In order to pass on his insights and knowledge, he wrote his own philosophy on the "Way of the Sword". Named the "Book of Circles", it was seen as the definitive manual for sword-singers in the centuries that followed.[1]

In 1E 780, Emperor Hira attempted to wrestle control of the empire from the people by exterminating the sword-singers. The singers were few in number and unequipped to join together into an army that could defend their homes and lives. Frandar Hunding, who the singers saw as their hero, led a rebellion against the emperor in what became known as the War of the Singers. Hunding was victorious, but less that twenty thousand sword-singers survived. Unappreciated among the citizenry and no longer welcome, Hunding and his army left Yokuda and began their great migration to Hammerfell.[1][14]

The Warrior Wave[edit]

"These infidels call us barbarians. They would drive us from this land, but what the elves do not know is that Ruptga himself guided us to these shores. He decreed that the Alik'r would be our home. Today the infidels will see the strength of the Shehai. Onsi will guide our blades. Today the sands will run red with elven blood!"
King Xakhwan

Some time after Hunding's departure, Yokuda sank into the sea. Legends blaming the cataclysm on a rebel band of Ansei called the Hiradirge. The Hiradirge were said to be masters of "stone magic", and when they were defeated during the last civil war they took their revenge on the nation by using forbidden techniques reputedly capable of such devastation.[21] Indeed, the Celestial Warrior corroborated this legend when he claimed the Shehai of a first-rank Ansei is what sank Yokuda.[22] Further, some accounts claim that this forbidden sword-stroke was called the "Pankratosword" - a manoeuvre that could destroy the very laws of nature.[OOG 1]

After Yokuda's destruction several waves of refugees and warriors, known as the Ra Gada, fled to Hammerfell. Among them were accomplished sword-singers and Ansei, such as the famous "Yaghoub's Thirteen", King Xakhwan's army of sword-singers, or the fabled group of master Ansei known only as "The Four". Formidable singers such as these claimed the entire province and established a new home for the Yokudans.[23][24]

Various training schools for swordsmen were also built in the early days of Hammerfell. Warriors known as the Anka-Ra ventured east into Craglorn and established Hel Ra Citadel - a vast complex believed to be a used it as an Ansei training ground.[25][13] Others established the Abbey of the Blades and the Rahni'Za, School of Warriors. Rahni'Za, supposedly dedicated to the Warrior constellation, trained students to become Sword-Disciples by completing five increasingly arduous tests of strength and skill.[26]

Similarly, the training school at Leki's Blade in the Alik'r Desert was built around this time after a great duel between Leki, goddess of aberrant swordsmanship, and renown swordsman Rada al-Saran. After the battle, the last of the Ansei established the school where their sword knowledge could be passed down to later generations. Centuries later, the school remained a popular place of study and was considered the swordsmen's most holy site.[27] Local myths claims that the spirits of the departed Ansei watch over the students training in the temple.[3]

Ansei Wards[edit]

An Ansei Ward

When Hammerfell faced a great threat from a group of powerful elven necromancers, the Ansei heroes Majah, Radan and Halelah sacrificed themselves to protect the people from the risen dead. As part of a covenant with Tu'whacca, each Ansei channeled their spirit into the blade they wielded in life.[2] These swords became known as the Ansei Wards, and would protect the land from even the most powerful necromancy.[28][2]

Decline and Resurgence[edit]

After conquering Hammerfell, the Yokudans found themselves in a time of relative peace. Many warriors put down their swords in order to build their new nation. Within three lifetimes, many abandoned the Book of Circles and forgot the teachings of the Way of the Sword.[29][30] Ansei warriors were even rarer, and although many training halls were established throughout Hammerfell, very few produced masters of the Shehai.[6] However, a small number of renown swordsmen did exist during this period of decline, such as Gaiden Shinji and Ansei Makela Leki.

When Hammerfell came under attack from a race of giant goblins, the Queen of Ojwambu pleaded with Derik Hallin, the "Last of the Ansei". According to legend, Hallin called forth the spirits of long dead Ansei to aid him his defense of the city. Numerous Ansei warriors appeared and fought alongside Hallin until they were was victorious.[29] Other accounts state that Hallin scoured the land to find the five mighty swords that ended a similar goblin threat during the time of Divad Hunding. Although their use was forbidden, Hallin used the blades and defeated the goblin army. As a result, their Shehai was forever destroyed. Whatever the case, Hallin saved the people and restored the teachings of Frandar Hunding to Hammerfell.[31][32][16]

The Lost Art[edit]

Although the Redguards still honored the teaching of the Way of the Sword and were fearsome warriors in their own right, the number of sword-singers gradually dwindled as time passed. By the mid-Second Era, there were no known Ansei warriors, and some foreign scholars dismissed the Shehai as "superstitious nonsense".[3] Training schools, such as Rahni'Za, were still respected and prestigious institutions among Redguards, but for unexplained reasons the Ansei simply died out.[33] The Abbey of Blades held true to the teaching of renown singers including Divad Hunding, Ra Abah, Ansei Kalam and Satameh, and some students even sought to restore the ancient art, but were ultimately unsuccessful.[15][18][34] Even veteran swordsman of the time, such as Master Ahram Sesnit and Sai Sahan, were seen as a far cry from the Ansei of old.[24]

By the Third and Fourth Eras, Ansei were practically a myth. Although there were some who followed the old ways within the ancient Halls of Virtues of War, very few Redguards had ever seen a Shehai, let alone call forth one.[16] Some aspects of the martial tradition survived through the eras however, as Redguards remained among the most the formidable and naturally talented warriors in Tamriel.[35][36]

Notable Sword-singers[edit]

The training school at Leki's Blade
  • Ansei Majah, Radan and Halelah: The three Ansei warriors who sacrificed themselves to create the Ansei Wards.[2]
  • The Four: The collective name for Ansei Mamireh, Akamon, Roshadon, and Rok'dun the Flame. Said to be prominent Yokudan warriors during the early Ra Gada invasions. According to legend, their prowess with the Shehai was unmatched and they single-handedly captured Nedic fortifications, breached walls and cut down entire armies.[24]
  • The Glinting Talons: A fearsome Ra Gada sect prominent during the early Yokudan invasions. Known for wielding a sword in each hand, they employed a fighting style so aggressive that it left their enemies standing stunned. They venerated Diagna and the bird god Tava. The attributes of the hawk inspired their sword-songs and they were known to engrave their blades with its wings. Ancient records note heroic tales of them driving off Orcish warbands when sorely outnumbered or capturing strongholds in surprise attacks. They fought in a conflict known as the Battle of Six Hands, but much of the details are lost to history.[37]
  • Ansei Kalam: Known as the "Master of Polearms", Kalam and his daughter, Ra Adia, swept through the Dragontail mountain passes and drove out the bandit tribes. They were both buried in the Valley of the Blades after their death. Kalam's teachings survived into at least the mid-Second Era.[38]
  • Ansei Satameh: Known as the Tigress of Dragonstar, she was buried in the Valley of the Blades after her death. Her sons, Ra Hasar and Ra Huzar were known as the "Twins of Sword and Spear". Her teachings survived into at least the mid-Second Era.[38]
  • Tahmin of the Sideways Blade: A member of the Anka Ra royal guard and one of three retainers to Emperor Tarish-Zi. He was granted a personal burial chamber in Craglorn, and was charged with the eternal vigil of the emperor's royal seal. These seal acted as keys to Tarish-Zi's crypt.{[39][40]
  • Riza the Deathless: A member of the Anka Ra royal guard and one of three retainers to Emperor Tarish-Zi. She was granted a personal burial chamber in Craglorn, and was charged with the eternal vigil of the emperor's royal seal. These seal acted as keys to Tarish-Zi's crypt.[39][40]
  • Yokeda Razul: Fought alongside Divad Hunding, leading the Ra Gada to conquer Alik'r. When the Na-Totambu and the Yokudan nobility came sometime after, Razul made himself Yokeda to cement the power of the Ra Gada. Some remember him as the first Forebear.[41]
  • Ra Abah: Renowned Yokudan warrior who fought alongside Frandar Hunding in the War of the Singers against Emperor Hira. He was buried in the Valley of the Blades after his death. His teachings survived into at least the mid-Second Era.[38]
  • Army of the Circle: The name of Frandar Hunding's army of sword-singers who fought at Hattu Mountain.[1]


  • Ansei were known to meditate using large egg-shaped crystals, many of which survived into the mid-Second era after being passed down to their descendants.[42]




  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Redguards, Their History and Their HeroesDestri Melarg
  2. ^ a b c d Throne Keeper Farvad's dialogue in ESO
  3. ^ a b c d e f g The Improved Emperor's Guide to Tamriel: HammerfellFlaccus Terentius, 2E 581
  4. ^ a b Sword-Wisdom of Saikhalar
  5. ^ Varieties of Faith in the EmpireBrother Mikhael Karkuxor
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j From The Memory Stone of Makela LekiMakela Leki
  7. ^ Makela Leki's dialogue in ESO
  8. ^ Trials and Tribulations quest in ESO
  9. ^ Smith Nabeenam's dialogue in ESO
  10. ^ Yokudan Prayer Shawl contraband item in ESO
  11. ^ Woven Yokudan Rug contraband item in ESO
  12. ^ Yokudan Warrior Statuette contraband item in ESO
  13. ^ a b c Elenaire's Journal
  14. ^ a b c Divad the SingerDestri Melarg
  15. ^ a b Chronicles of the Five Companions 6Sai Sahan
  16. ^ a b c Notes For Redguard HistoryDestri Melarg
  17. ^ Box of Shehai Essence contraband item in ESO
  18. ^ a b The Duchess of Anguish
  19. ^ Assaulting the Citadel quest in ESO
  20. ^ The Warrior's named attacks
  21. ^ Pocket Guide to the Empire, 3rd Edition: Other LandsImperial Geographical Society, 3E 432
  22. ^ The Warrior's dialogue in ESO
  23. ^ The Ballad of Navid the Singer
  24. ^ a b c The FourSima the Edged Scholar
  25. ^ Castles and Coffers Volume III: Hel Ra Citadel
  26. ^ Fada at-Glina's dialogue in ESO
  27. ^ Farzaneh's dialogue in ESO
  28. ^ Ansei Radan's dialogue in ESO
  29. ^ a b The True-Told Tale of Hallin
  30. ^ Nandanath Thrice-Noble's dialogue in ESO
  31. ^ Shrine to Derik Hallin
  32. ^ Derik Hallin's dialogue in ESO
  33. ^ Letter found within the School of Rahni'Za
  34. ^ Sword-Singer Manual contraband item in ESO
  35. ^ Morrowind racial description
  36. ^ A Concise Account of the Great War Between the Empire and the Aldmeri DominionLegate Justianus Quintius
  37. ^ Glinting TalonsAblahar at-Tanul
  38. ^ a b c Sai Sahan's dialogue in ESO
  39. ^ a b Titus Valerius's dialogue in ESO
  40. ^ a b Tome of the Anka-Ra Guardians
  41. ^ Ramati at-Gar's dialogue in ESO
  42. ^ Ansei's Meditation Stone contraband item in ESO

Note: the following references are not found in-game. They are included to provide a rounder background to this article, but may not reflect established lore.

  1. ^ Lord Vivec's Sword-Meeting With Cyrus the Restless, The Imperial Library